Commercial Drivers License Program
CDLIS allows employers and their agents to comply with FMCSA requirements ( § 391.21-391.27), by searching within the “Commercial Driver’s License Information System” for any prior licenses, current CDL and up to three prior licenses held by said individual. Provides user with:
Present Jurisdictional State and Driver’s License Number
Social Security Number Match
Up to Three Previously held CDL Numbers
Mandated by the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act (CMVSA) of 1986, CDLIS supports the issuance of commercial driver licenses (CDLs) by the jurisdictions, and assists jurisdictions in meeting the goals of the basic tenet “that each driver, nationwide, have only one driver license and one record” through the cooperative exchange of commercial driver information between jurisdictions.
Sample CDLIS Report
LICENSE NAME/ADDRESS DRIVER DESCRIPTION —————————— ————————————– GILBERT, GREG D.O.B. |SEX| HGT |RACE| SOC.SEC ========|===|=====|====|=========== 11/25/XX| M |509″ | |XXX-XX-XXX REPORT PREPARED FOR —————————— ————————————– XXXXXXX CHECK COMMENT: POLICY #: LXLXLXLXLX XXX E BIG BEAVER ROAD, SUITE 300 REQUESTOR: CLCLCLCLCLCLCLC TROY,MI LXLXLXL CHARGED TO ACCOUNT: XXX/XXXXX MISCELLANEOUS AND STATE SPECIFIC INFORMATION —————————————————————————— None CDLIS RECORD HISTORY —————————————————————————— TYPE DESCRIPTION —- ——————————————– CDLI License Information License Type……..: A – AKA License State…….: CA License Number……: XXXX License SSN………: XXXXXX CDLI License Information License Type……..: A – AKA License State…….: CA License Number……: XXX License SSN………: XXXXX CDLI License Information License Type……..: A – AKA License State…….: CA License Number……: XXXXX License SSN………: XXXX CDLI License Information License Type……..: P – Primary CDL License State…….: TN License Number……: XXXXXX *****END OF RECORD*****
Much More Information Below
Knowledge & Skills Tests: States develop their own tests which must be at least as stringent as the Federal standards. Model driver and examiner manuals and tests have been prepared and distributed to the States to use, if they wish.
The general knowledge test must contain at least 30 questions.
To pass the knowledge tests (general and endorsement), applicants must correctly answer at least 80 percent of the questions.
To pass the skills test, applicants must successfully perform all the required skills (listed in 49 CFR 383.113). The skills test must be taken in a vehicle representative of the type of vehicle that the applicant operates or expects to operate.
Third Party Skills Testing: Other States, employers, training facilities, governmental departments and agencies, and private institutions can serve as third party skills testers for the State.
Tests must be the same as those given by the State.
Examiners must meet the same qualifications as State examiners.
States must conduct an on-site inspection at least once a year.
At least annually, State employees must evaluate the programs by taking third party tests as if they were test applicants, or by testing a sample of drivers tested by the third party and then comparing pass/fail rates.
The State’s agreement with the third party skills tester must allow the FHWA and the State to conduct random examinations, inspections, and audits without prior notice.
States have the option to “grandfather” drivers with good driving records from the skills test according to the following criteria: Driver has a current license at time of application; and Driver has a good driving record and previously passed an acceptable skills test; or driver has a good driving record in combination with certain driving experience .
“Good driving record” means: A driver can certify that, during the 2-year period immediately prior to applying for a CDL he/she:
Has not had more than one license;
Has not had any license suspended, revoked, or canceled;
Has not had any convictions in any type of motor vehicle for major disqualifying offenses;
Has not had more than one conviction for any type of motor vehicle for serious traffic violations;
Has not had any violation of State or local law relating to motor vehicle traffic control arising in connection with any traffic accident, and has no record of an accident in which he/she was at fault.
“Driving experience” means : A driver can certify and provide evidence that:
He/she is regularly employed in a job requiring operation of CMV, and that either:
He/she has previously taken a behind-the-wheel skills test in a representative vehicle; or
He/she has operated a representative vehicle for at least 2 years immediately preceding application for a CDL.
Commercial Driver’s License Document: A State determines the license fee, the license renewal cycle, most renewal procedures, and continues to decide the age, medical and other driver qualifications of its intrastate commercial drivers. Interstate drivers must meet the longstanding Federal driver qualifications (49 CFR 391).
All CDLs must contain the following information:
The words “Commercial Driver’s License” or “CDL;”
The driver’s full name, signature, and address;
The driver’s date of birth, sex, and height
Color photograph or digitized image of the driver;
The driver’s State license number;
The name of the issuing State;
The date of issuance and the date of the expiration of the license;
The class(es) of vehicle that the driver is authorized to drive;
Notation of the “air brake” restriction, if issued;
The endorsement(s) for which the driver has qualified;
States may issue learner’s permits for purposes of behind-the-wheel training on public highways as long as learner’s permit holders are required to be accompanied by someone with a valid CDL appropriate for that vehicle and the learner’s permits are issued for limited time periods.
Waiver Provisions: All active duty military drivers were waived from the CDL requirements by the Federal Highway Administrator. A State, at its discretion, may waive firefighters, emergency response vehicle drivers, farmers and drivers removing snow and ice in small communities from the CDL requirements, subject to certain conditions. In addition, a State may also waive the CDL knowledge and skills testing requirements for seasonal drivers in farm-related service industries and may waive certain knowledge and skills testing requirements for drivers in remote areas of Alaska. The drivers are issued restricted CDLs. A State can also waive the CDL hazardous materials endorsement test requirements for part-time drivers working for the pyrotechnics industry, subject to certain conditions.
OTHER REQUIREMENTS There are a variety of other requirements related to this legislation which affect the commercial drivers, their employing motor carriers and the States.
Penalties: The Federal penalty to a driver who violates the CDL requirements is a civil penalty of up to $2,500 or, in aggravated cases, criminal penalties of up to $5,000 in fines and/or up to 90 days in prison. An employer is also subject to a penalty of up to $10,000, if he or she knowingly uses a driver to operate a CMV without a valid CDL.
CDLIS Clearinghouse: States must be connected to the Commercial Driver’s License Information System (CDLIS) and the National Driver Register (NDR) in order to exchange information about CMV drivers, traffic convictions, and disqualifications. A State must use both the CDLIS and NDR to check a driver’s record, and the CDLIS to make certain that the applicant does not already have a CDL. Members of the enforcement community seeking access to CDLIS data should visit the FMCSA Technical Support Web site. Carriers needing CDLIS data should seek a commercial company that provides a clearinghouse service for this information, or contact the driver’s State of licensure.
BAC Standards: The FHWA has also established 0.04% as the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) level at or above which a CMV driver is deemed to be driving under the influence of alcohol and subject to the disqualification sanctions in the Act. States maintain a BAC level between .08% and .10% for non-CMV drivers.
Employer Notifications: Within 30 days of a conviction for any traffic violation, except parking, a driver must notify his/her employer, regardless of the nature of the violation or the type of vehicle which was driven at the time. If a driver’s license is suspended, revoked, canceled, or if he/she is disqualified from driving, his/her employer must be notified. The notification must be made by the end of the next business day following receipt of the notice of the suspension, revocation, cancellation, lost privilege or disqualification. Employers may not knowingly use a driver who has more than one license or whose license is suspended, revoked or canceled, or is disqualified from driving. Violation of this requirement may result in civil or criminal penalties.
For conviction while driving a CMV , drivers must be disqualified and lose their privilege to drive for 60 to 120 days:
Two or more serious traffic violations within a 3-year period. These include excessive speeding, reckless driving, improper or erratic lane changes, following the vehicle ahead too closely, and traffic offenses in connection with fatal traffic accidents 90 days to 5 years.
One or more violations of an out-of-service order within a 10-year period.1 Year
Driving under the influence of a controlled substance or alcohol; or
Leaving the scene of an accident; or Using a CMV to commit a felony.3 Years:
Any of the 1-year offenses while operating a CMV that is placarded for hazardous materials. Life
Second offense of any of the 1-year or 3-year offenses; or Using a CMV to commit a felony involving manufacturing, distributing, or dispensing controlled substances.
States have the option to reduce certain lifetime disqualifications to a minimum disqualification period of 10 years if the driver completes a driver rehabilitation program approved by the State.
If a CDL holder is disqualified from operating a CMV, the State may issue him/her a license to operate non-CMVs. Drivers who are disqualified from operating a CMV can not be issued a “conditional” or “hardship” CDL or any other type of limited driving privileges to continue driving a CMV.
For disqualification purposes, convictions for out-of-state violations will be treated the same as convictions for violations that are committed in the home State. The CDLIS will ensure that convictions a driver receives outside his or her home State are transmitted to the home State so that the disqualifications can be applied.
CURRENT STATUS OF THE CDL PROGRAM Over 8 million drivers have passed the knowledge and skills tests and obtained a CDL. Approximately 11 percent of these CDL drivers have been disqualified at least once during the period of April 1992 through June 1996. Building on the success of the CDL program, the FMCSA is exploring ways to enhance and improve the effectiveness of the CDL program. Some of the current enhancements and future enhancements being considered include:
Driver Data Exchange With Canada and Mexico.
CDL Judicial Outreach Project (JOP).
Graduated Commercial Licenses.
Third Party CDL Knowledge Testing.
Merging Medical Fitness Determination Into CDL Process.
Simulator Validation for Training & Testing.
Evaluating Commercial Driver’s License Program Vulnerabilities: A study Of The States Of Florida And Illinois
Drivers who operate special types of CMVs also need to pass additional tests to obtain any of the following endorsements on their CDL: T – Double/Triple Trailers Endorsement (Knowledge Test only)
P – Passenger Endorsement (Knowledge and Skills Test)
N – Tank Vehicle Endorsement (Knowledge Test only)
H – Hazardous Materials Endorsement (Knowledge Test only)
X – Combination of Tank Vehicle and Hazardous Materials Endorsement
S – School Bus Endorsement (Knowledge and Skills Test)
If a driver either fails the air brake component of the general knowledge test or performs the skills test in a vehicle not equipped with air brakes, the driver is issued an air brake restriction, restricting the driver from operating a CMV equipped with air brakes.